Decline of “Khari Boli”

 

 Those who belong to or have lived in Haryana, Delhi or Northwestern UP, understand what “Khari boli” (Haryanavi) dialect of Hindi is all about. Some people say it lacks sophistication and even that it’s rude.

 

The perception of lack of sophistication or being “rude”, is probably because that the words which show respect in Hindi are not part of khari boli, for example , to address someone, “Aap” is non existant, mainly “Tu” is used, and if one wants to give lot of respect “Tum” is used 🙂 .Also, “iye” of sophisticated Hindi is not spoken in “Khari Boli” for example,  to ask some one to sit “ Bathiye” wont be used , only “baith ja” or “Baitho” shall be used. Also, the sentence closing “Hai” of mainstream Hindi is not used in “Khari boli” .The terms most distinct about khari boi are use of “Maka” and “ Nuko”  for “Maine kaha” (I said) and “usne kaha” (he/she said).. Hindi words are spoken differently to give a unique flow to the language, like the word “Anghuthi” (Ring) will be pronounced as “Gunthi”.“Khari Boli” when spoken in it’s original form, is an unbelievably fast accent ..and difference between normal sophisticated Hindi and Khari Boli is just like the difference of spoken English between Indians and westerners.

 

But, of late “Khari Boli” accent is on decline. First of all Delhi lost it, being a major metropolis and capital of the country, and nowadays urban regions of Haryana and northwestern UP are loosing it and is limited to older generations only, and young generation have developed more sophisticated form of Hindi. The reason behind is the general perception even in the native speakers, that “Khari boi” is “rude” way of speaking and is not sophisticated. Nowadays it has become unfashionable to speak it.

 

There have been efforts to sanskritize Khari Boli, but this dilect of Hindi will die if sanskritised, as Sanskrit words doesn’t fit naturally here. Of Course the standard or pure Hindi derives it’s vocabulary from Sanskrit, but Khari Boli is different, and uses basically “Tadhbhav” form of Sanskrit words.

 

But I believe Khari boli is very much alive in the rural area of this region, and some of my relatives (Younger generation too) who live in the villages/small towns of this region, speak it. I personally am very fond of Khari Boli… since my childhood I’ve scene my relatives speaking it, though myself and our parents don’t speak it having lived in urban areas, but my parents can switch gear anytime and start speaking it when with our relatives 🙂 , but myself and my brother (Like other younger generation of urban population of this region ) are not able to speak it, but still we love it.

 

P.S.- In Bollywood, Khari boli is very rare…A recent example i’ve scene in Bollywood is the character of Komal Chautala in the film “Chak de India”, who spoke in Khari boli dilect

 

Advertisements

36 Responses to “Decline of “Khari Boli””

  1. pr3rna Says:

    Vivek, I guess we should communicate in ‘Khari boli’. I don’t want to sound pompous but I am really good at it. There are a few TV programmes on SAB TV in which they use authentic Khari boli. I differ with you //is limited to older generations only//. In the rural ares people still communicate in this form of Hindi. I can speak khari boli. The medal winners from Bhiwani were all speaking Khari boli, although they were trying hard not to.

  2. vivekmittal Says:

    Prerna, yes i’ve mentioned in the post itself that in rural areas it’s still spoken including younger generation

    But i dont understand why there is a widespread perception that it’s rude ..i dont think it’s rude at all..i love it

  3. Shefaly Says:

    Vivek

    I grew up in MP and UP. Like Prerna, I speak very good Hindi and can converse without sprinkling any English or other language into it.

    I do find the use of ‘tu’ and ‘tum’ a bit too familiar for my liking. So I prefer the use of ‘aap’ for strangers, elders as well as young children even if I think people using ‘tu’ for God and for their mothers to express closeness is fine.

    What you call decline may result more from people not knowing a wide enough vocabulary which suffices for them to express themselves, than any perception of rudeness. I find it harder by the day to find youngsters in cities able to speak good Hindi. It is best if I do not start talking about what I think of their ‘Angrezi’ or whatever they think they are speaking.

  4. vivekmittal Says:

    Shefaly

    I was not talking about General Hindi, but a specific dialect “Khari boli”
    And as i said , the younger generation in the urban areas of the region i mentioned has started avoiding speaking this dialect and try to speak mainstream Hindi….

    As Prerna Mentioned, the medal winners from Bhivani were trying hard not to speak “Khari boli” accent but were trying to speak more straight/mainstream Hindi…..That’s what my post is all about

    Thanks for your response 🙂

  5. Vinod Sharma Says:

    Khari boli is pretty cool, even sexy. But to someone not familiar with it, it does sound crude. Not just crude, even offensive. It takes a while to get the idea that the guy talking you is not trying to get funny!

    It is not only khari boli which is dying out. Thanks to the pervasive TV culture, dialects in many languages will die out in the coming decades.

  6. Vinod Sharma Says:

    Correction. That should have read: “to someone NOT familiar with it.”

  7. vivekmittal Says:

    I have corrected your comment Mr Sharma…and yes, the mainstream dialect/accent of Hindi is causing the decline of other dialects of the language

  8. Shefaly Says:

    Vivek:

    Khari Boli is not the Haryanvi dialect. Bhartendu Harishchandra wrote in Khari Boli. Some consider Kabir’s writing to be Khari Boli too. Harivansh Rai Bachchan’s “Madhushala” is in Khari Boli. Premchand wrote in Khari Boli. Khari Boli is what we speak in Uttar Pradesh and those parts of MP that are not Bundelkhand where the dialect is very different. Khari Boli is definitely not the Haryanvi dialect. Prior to efforts to ‘tatsam-ise’ Hindi, so to speak, Khari Boli had considerable Arabic and Persian influence.

    A Haryanvi friend of mine, who is from Mewat, confirms that the term for the Haryanvi dialect is not Khari Boli but Sansi Boli. Haryanvi dialects have very little similarity with Khari Boli actually.

    I suppose we are disagreeing on your terminology. 🙂

  9. Shefaly Says:

    Vivek:

    I read your post again but I was not sure if you are objecting to the tatsam-isation/ Sanskritisation? Khari Boli was always a khichdi and now the khichdi is getting different kinds of masalas. I am just curious why you think this is something that will lead to Khari Boli’s decline?

  10. vivekmittal Says:

    Shefaly

    Yes I know, that the term “Khari boli” , has got some confusion..and i dont know the reason behind this confusion..some say it’s normal day to day “Khichdi” kind of Hindi which is spoken in central UP and MP and also in bollywood…
    But if you come to Northwestern UP or Haryana..they call their language too “Khari boli” and also “Haryanavi”…and i firmly believe “Khari boli” and “Haryanavi” are same and it’s clear from the very first line of my post

    But if you believe “Khari boli” is different from “Haryanavi”….then you can take that this post is about “Haryanavi” and not “khari boli”

    Whether you go to Haryana or Western UP,in both the places exactly the same language is spoken , call it “Haryanavi” or call it “Khari boli”
    ..which is very much different from Kabir, or Harivansh Rai bachchan or Premchand…

    I think the confusion is only about the term “Khari boli” and not about the language which is spoken in the particular region

    The issue of my post was that people who are native speakers of this dialect of Hindi (Khari boli/Haryanavi)…are giving it up and adopting more mainstream Hindi..and it’s very rare to see younger generation speaking in this dialect..but it’s still alive in rural areas
    Shefaly i dont know whether you have heard someone speaking this dialect or not…

    Regarding your next comment

    As i said, my post is only about the Hindi dialect which is spoken in Haryana, Delhi and adjoining UP areas..you call it “Haryanavi” or “Khari boli” , doesn’t matter…..and about sanskritisation, i meant that the “Tatsam” sanskrit words doesn’t fit in the flow of “Khari boli” (or call it “Haryanavi”)

    btw i’m also a big fan of the other sophisticated kind of Hindi, which is very much sanskritized and has become standard Hindi..what they call “Shuddh Hindi”..and i’m good at it

  11. Mavin Says:

    Very Interesting Vivek.

    I was not aware of “Khari Boli” and its distinctness from “Shudh Hindi”. In Mumbai, we speak what is known as “Bambaiya Hindi”.

    We see similar differences in all state languages. You have wide differences between the Marathi spoken in Konkan and the Marathi spoken in Khandesh, Marathwada, Western Maharashtra and Vidarbha. Marathi TV tends to be the shudh Marathi type with neutral accents (reflecting Pune / Mumbai accents).

    I am sure similar changes are happening everywhere. We also have a new animal in hybrid language with English mixed with each state language.

    Great Post.

  12. vivekmittal Says:

    Thanks Mavin 🙂
    I understand Marathi is a very rich language
    The variations in the dialects of Indian languages are the uniqueness of them

  13. shakti Says:

    khari boli is not spoken in mp but it is a language of haryana and its adjacent districts of up………..
    u really can’t use this language in cities as it sounds
    really very bad…khari boli is very often associated with jats.
    people speaking this lang looks like illetrate.
    so nobody can save it..mera to yo vichar hai thara kya kahna ha.

  14. ghongateumesh@gmail.com Says:

    dear sir
    pls boli fonds

  15. 273sinum Says:

    I don’t quite understand that…
    The sources I had read always say that Standard Hindi and Standard Urdu are based on Khari Boli dialect of Delhi. So what did the late-Mughal aristocrats speak in Delhi? Do they address “Tu” to each other in their zaban-e-urdu-e-mualla? If so, that would be really strange to me. And if not, how is it that, that people in Delhi cease to speak Khari-boli now?

  16. Vivek Khadpekar Says:

    Shefaly,

    (WRT your comments of September 26, 2008)

    //Khari Boli is what we speak in [Uttar Pradesh and] those parts of MP that are not Bundelkhand …//

    Does this mean that the dialects of MP such as Malvi, Nimadi, Bagheli, besides its tribal languages such as Bhilodi, Gondi, Korku and Kalto (Nahali), are all lumped together under “Khari Boli”, whereas Bundeli has an independent identity?

  17. ravi kumar pal Says:

    bhai manne to yo boli sexy lage!

  18. Curdboy Says:

    are bhaya ka horiya hai yiha ?

    kahe text ma baat karat ho ham jant hai aap loga acha kaam kart ho yiha pe par ham aap logan ko nayi duniya me lan chaht hai to hamr sang chalo yahi baat ham apn aawaj ma kahin

    ka bolte ho

    click on link for my voice

    http://wap.rocketalk.com/inbox/1/message/39b93060/762ee81f81bb800b582a5bf9af965ba1

  19. Nishant Says:

    Nishant @ curdboy
    yo chor bavla ho liya dikhe..khari boli ki bajaye pata na konsi boli bolan lag ra yo.?

  20. get Targeted leads Says:

    Everyone loves it when people come together and share ideas.

    Great site, stick with it!

  21. nilesh sharma Says:

    khadi bole is rude the people who speak khadi boli are considered as criminals or policeman

  22. etl testing training online Says:

    May I simply just say what a comfort to discover someone that truly knows what they are talking about over the internet.
    You definitely realize how to bring an issue to light and make it important.

    More and more people ought to look at this and understand this side of your
    story. I can’t believe you’re not more popular because you most certainly have the gift.

  23. Donny Says:

    The grid can usually be mounted at different heights. Broilmasters
    is one the highest quality and most efficient natural gas grills available today.

    Naturally propane gas is used for cooking and these grills are ideal if you want food cooked quickly while keeping
    that great grilled taste.

  24. Mera Desh Says:

    The confusion is over the fact that Khari Boli has two different meanings. One meaning is what Shefaly mentioned: Khari Boli is a synonym for Standard Hindi. The other meaning is the sense Vivek is using it: the rural dialect spoken near Delhi and Meerut. Some scholars have proposed renaming the rural dialect as Kauravi (after the ancient Kuru/Kaurav kingdom) to avoid this confusion. This dialect served as the basis for Standard Hindi and Standard Urdu, both of which became more refined and formal than the rural version due to a variety of other influences. Hariyanvi is actually considered a separate dialect from Khari Boli. Hariyanvi, Khari Boli, Braj, Sansiboli, Kannauji, and Bundeli are all very similar dialects and form what linguists call Western Hindi and are somewhat distinct from Eastern Hindi (Awadhi, Chattisgarhi, Bagheli).

  25. Yash Agrawal Says:

    I agree with Mera Desh.
    Vivekmittal, you are talking about Haryanvi while calling it ‘Khadiboli’. Khariboli is the dialect of Hindi that is spoken in northern Uttar Pradesh along with some part of Rajasthan and Haryana and the union territory of Delhi, and it is the dialect that is spoken by all of us in media, as it is the standard dialect of Hindi, though it has undergone some changes due to standardization, and thus has sub-dialects like all other dialects have.
    You are probably referring to Haryanvi, or the rural dialect of Khariboli, but the newer, well-known dialect of Hindi is Khariboli as well. So please don’t add to confusion.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khariboli_dialect

  26. vivekmittal Says:

    Mera Desh & Yash

    Sorry for responding so late. I was not much into the blogging and now only saw the comments.

    Mera Desh you are right. There is a confusion the term “Khari boli” is used for both the,
    i) standard modern Hindi and ,
    ii)the “haryanavi” dialect which is spoken in West UP, Haryana and parts of Rajasthan,
    though the two are different.

    in my post the “khari boli” means the second option of the above.

  27. Aditya Jha Says:

    sir, wat is the main difference b/w khariboli and the usual hindi..is it true that in khariboli, mujhe becomes mohe , mera becomes mero ,tujhe/tumhe becomes *tohe* , tujhse becomes tohe ?? aaye hain becomes aave aye, are songs like mohe panghat pe nandlal and other bollywood songs of 60’s in khariboli or braj bhasha ? and wat abt the persian words…is it true that khariboli has relatively more persian words than the no. of persian words in hindi ? do enlighten me

  28. Yash Agrawal Says:

    Aditya Jha,
    There is no difference between Khariboli and the usual Hindi that you hear everyday. Hindi is a language whereas Khariboli is a dialect of it. It is the standard dialect of Hindi. The author has made a big mistake in the article by talking about Haryanvi (which is the dialect of Hindi spoken primarily in the state of Haryana) while at the same time calling it ‘Khariboli’. So i.what you want to ask is the difference between Haryanvi and Khariboli.

    The examples that you mentioned seem to be of Awadhi dialect of Eastern Hindi. (But they also may be in Haryanvi, as I don’t know it.) Most devotional songs and prayer songs (bhajans) of Hindiusm traditionally are in Brajbhakha or Awadhi.
    In Braj, मुझे = मोहि, मेरा = मेरौ, तुझे = तोहि, तुम्हे = तुमहि, तुझसे = तोसैं ।

  29. Aditya Jha Says:

    Yash ji,
    i dont know much abt haryanavi. But im surprised…are u saying that there is absolutely NO difference in the usual hindi and the khariboli of north UP?are u saying that in khariboli too they say *aapka naam kya hai*
    *aap kahan se hain * *aap kya khaa rahe hain * and all ? isnt it unfair to call khariboli a dialect of hindi? khariboli is older than hindi..

  30. Mera Desh Says:

    Vivek,
    Your second point is wrong. The rural Khariboli dialect is not the same as Hariyanvi. They are two different dialects. You should read the Wikipedia articles on Khariboli dialect and Hariyanvi.

    Aditya,
    Please read my previous post. When you ask what the difference is between Khariboli and the usual Hindi, you need to specify what you mean by Khariboli. If you mean the standard Khariboli, then it’s the same as Hindi. If you mean the rural Khariboli, then it’s not the same thing. Hindi was derived from the rural Khariboli. It’s a refinement of the rural Khariboli. Hindi probably has more Persian and Sanskrit words than rural Khariboli. The rural dialects in general have less “foreign” influence and less Sanskritization. They rely more on tadbhava vocabulary.

  31. vivekmittal Says:

    Thanks Mera desh/Aditya/Yash for giving your responses.

    I reiterate that my post is about “Haryanvi” dialect of Hindi which is spoken in Haryana and districts of North-West UP such as Saharanpur, Meerut, Mujaffarnagar etc.

    I need not see wikipedia reg definition of Khariboli or Haryanvi as i am a native of the region and here the Haryanavi dialect is commonly referred to as “Khari” Boli. The term “Khari” refers to the rough nature of the dialect which many people find a little offensive.

    i have already said that trem “khari boli” is confusing, and it refers to the standard Hindi also. But equally true is the fact that “Haryanvi” is commonly reffered as “Khari” boli due to rough nature of dialect.

  32. Mera Desh Says:

    Vivek,

    If what you are saying is correct, there should be at least one scholarly source out there that would confirm rural Khariboli is the same as Hariyanvi. If you know of any such source, please provide it. I have yet to see any. Instead, scholars differentiate the two as separate dialects.

    I am not doubting your claim that natives of the region equate the two as the same dialect. Mislabels often arise due to geographic or cultural proximity. In this case, rural Khariboli and Hariyanvi seem to have merged. A well-known example of mislabeling is people using the term “Hindi” not just for standard Khariboli but for the many different dialects extending from Rajasthan to Bihar. This gives the false impression that they are all dialects of one language.

  33. pankaj Says:

    In some parts of haryana khari boli is used. Like panipat, sonipat , karnal, rohtak and ambala, but in others part they speak different languages.ex. in south haryana brij and mewati are used. Bhiwani and sirsa bagri is used. So khari boli and haryanvi are same

  34. Pankaj Pundir Says:

    Saare kadi kadi kar-re, arr bol koisa ni ra. dus saal ka tha jab gaa main tae aaga taa… ib b bhus bahr dunga agar khadi bolne pe aaga Baat seddi karu, inge-tinge ki ni. 😛

  35. gxuvimr Says:

    I hope the author is referring to rural dialect of westUP, Haryana here because khari boli can also refer to Standard Hindi.
    He has rightly said that its declining with time. I am also a native of this region (near Meerut). In urban areas, people hardly speak its pure form but you will observe some common phrases like- “aata hai” will “aawae hai” but otherwise they hardly know it. I am from rural background so I can speak it fluently but not with that perfection that my grandparents do. But, due to living in city from a long time, Hindi influence is increasing in our family, for eg- I refer to my parents as “aap”, and my father still refer to his father as “tum”(pronounced as t+m , not t+u+m like in Hindi.
    I naturally switch between khari boli&Hindi,
    khariboli- talking to parents, grandparents, relatives from village
    Hindi-talking to friends, teachers, relatives from city.


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: